Fine motor skills are the ability of a person to make small, precise movements with fingers and hands. In general, types of motor skills include not only small but also gross motor skills. In all cases, coordinated movements occur thanks to three body systems:
Fine motor skills include primitive gestures, such as grasping objects, and very small movements, such as those that affect human handwriting. Motor skills development in early childhood is of great importance. Indeed, it’s directly related to the development of speech. Why? Our brain is arranged in such a way that each of its parts is responsible for certain body processes. And the regions responsible for motor skills and speech are located nearby and closely interact with each other.
Fine motor skills affect not only speech but also higher properties of consciousness, such as attention, mental process, coordination, imagination, observation, and visual and motor memory. Developing these skills is also vital since precise, coordinated movements of the hands and fingers will help your child perform a variety of household and educational activities in the future. Fine motor skills examples include dressing, holding a pencil, holding utensils and scooping food, drawing pictures and writing, tying shoelaces, turning locks and doorknobs, showering and brushing teeth, and opening lunch boxes.